PHP 7.2.8 Released

date_sun_info

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.2, PHP 7)

date_sun_infoReturns an array with information about sunset/sunrise and twilight begin/end

Description

array date_sun_info ( int $time , float $latitude , float $longitude )

Parameters

time

Timestamp.

latitude

Latitude in degrees.

longitude

Longitude in degrees.

Return Values

Returns array on success or FALSE on failure. The structure of the array is detailed in the following list:

sunrise
The time of the sunrise (zenith angle = 90°35').
sunset
The time of the sunset (zenith angle = 90°35').
transit
The time when the sun is at its zenith, i.e. has reached its topmost point.
civil_twilight_begin
The start of the civil dawn (zenith angle = 96°). It ends at sunrise.
civil_twilight_end
The end of the civil dusk (zenith angle = 96°). It starts at sunset.
nautical_twilight_begin
The start of the nautical dawn (zenith angle = 102°). It ends at civil_twilight_begin.
nautical_twilight_end
The end of the nautical dusk (zenith angle = 102°). It starts at civil_twilight_end.
astronomical_twilight_begin
The start of the astronomical dawn (zenith angle = 108°). It ends at nautical_twilight_begin.
astronomical_twilight_end
The end of the astronomical dusk (zenith angle = 108°). It starts at nautical_twilight_end.

The values of the array elements are either UNIX timestamps, FALSE if the sun is below the respective zenith for the whole day, or TRUE if the sun is above the respective zenith for the whole day.

Changelog

Version Description
5.2.2 The order of latitude and longitude has been swapped.

Examples

Example #1 A date_sun_info() example

<?php
$sun_info 
date_sun_info(strtotime("2006-12-12"), 31.766735.2333);
foreach (
$sun_info as $key => $val) {
    echo 
"$key: " date("H:i:s"$val) . "\n";
}
?>

The above example will output:

sunrise: 05:52:11
sunset: 15:41:21
transit: 10:46:46
civil_twilight_begin: 05:24:08
civil_twilight_end: 16:09:24
nautical_twilight_begin: 04:52:25
nautical_twilight_end: 16:41:06
astronomical_twilight_begin: 04:21:32
astronomical_twilight_end: 17:12:00

Example #2 Polar night

<?php
var_dump
(date_sun_info(strtotime("2017-12-21"), 900));
?>

The above example will output:

array(9) {
  ["sunrise"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["sunset"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["transit"]=>
  int(1513857490)
  ["civil_twilight_begin"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["civil_twilight_end"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["nautical_twilight_begin"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["nautical_twilight_end"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["astronomical_twilight_begin"]=>
  bool(false)
  ["astronomical_twilight_end"]=>
  bool(false)
}

Example #3 Midnight sun

<?php
var_dump
(date_sun_info(strtotime("2017-06-21"), 900));
?>

The above example will output:

array(9) {
  ["sunrise"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["sunset"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["transit"]=>
  int(1498046510)
  ["civil_twilight_begin"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["civil_twilight_end"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["nautical_twilight_begin"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["nautical_twilight_end"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["astronomical_twilight_begin"]=>
  bool(true)
  ["astronomical_twilight_end"]=>
  bool(true)
}

See Also

  • date_sunrise() - Returns time of sunrise for a given day and location
  • date_sunset() - Returns time of sunset for a given day and location

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
1
ELY M.
7 years ago
I have been working on my own php script to get current down or up for sun and moon.   I had to add function for any places that have 24 hour sun. 

here is my code for places with 24 hour sun.

<?php
  
if ($sunrise == 0 && $sunset == 0) {
  
$sunrise24 = "";
  
$sunset24 = "";
  
//run suninfo
  
$sunup = date_sun_info(strtotime($year."-".$month."-".$day), $lat, $lon);
   }

//check if sun is up all day.
if ($sunup[sunrise] == 1 && $sunup[sunrise] == 1) {
imagecopy($sky, $sun, 60, 20, 0, 0, $sun_width, $sun_height);
imagefill($sky, 0, 0, $bluesky);
}
?>
up
1
nospam at nomail dot com
3 months ago
maybe I am wrong, but I think

SUNFUNCS_RET_TIMESTAMP     return GMT(0) time

SUNFUNCS_RET_STRING     Return local time
SUNFUNCS_RET_DOUBLE     Return local time
up
-1
mother at localsnow dot com
8 years ago
We needed the length of the day, both sunrise to sunset and twilight to twilight for particular latitudes. Sun_info() is just the thing. We mistakenly thought 'transit' was this value, which it is not. Transit is the time of day the sun is at its zenith. To get length of day, one must perform math on the results of sun_info().

When doing math with time values, don't expect date() to do the conversion to hours:minutes:seconds. date() thinks the passed value is a time since the epoch. You will need to do your own conversion to hours:minutes:seconds, using something like the following:
<?php
function hms($val) {
// convert seconds to hours:minutes:seconds
$v=$val;
$h=intval($v/3600);
$v-=($h*3600); // subtract hours
$m=intval($v/60);
$v-=($m*60); // subtract minutes
$s=$v % 60; // seconds remaining
if ($h<10) {$h="0".$h;}
if (
$m<10) {$m="0".$m;}
if (
$s<10) {$s="0".$s;}
return
$h.":".$m.":".$s;
}
?>

Regarding date_sunrise() and date_sunset(), these both return values without seconds and without correction for Daylight time. Whereas sun_info() handles seconds as well as Daylight time. It even handles dates prior to the epoch correctly as negative timestamps, at least as of php 5.2.12

For example,
sun_info(strtotime('July 4, 1776'),47.3506,-122.6417)
produces something like the following when using date_default_timezone_set('America/Los_Angeles') and
date("H:i:s", $val)

sunrise: 04:20:26 [-6106016374]
sunset: 20:09:03 [-6105959457]
transit: 12:14:45 [-6105987915]
civil_twilight_begin: 03:40:54 [-6106018746]
civil_twilight_end: 20:48:35 [-6105957085]
nautical_twilight_begin: 02:46:58 [-6106021982]
nautical_twilight_end: 21:42:31 [-6105953849]
astronomical_twilight_begin: 01:28:06 [-6106026714]
astronomical_twilight_end: 23:01:23 [-6105949117]

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